Lawn

“We have Protection down to a Science”

Our Orlando Florida lawn service includes fertilization, insect control, disease management and
weed control. After working for several years in Central Florida we understand
the many different varieties of plants, weeds and the related problems that exist.
We will manage your landscape using treatment reports and use environmentally friendly products. Our normal service will include testing your sprinkler system to make sure that the proper watering is taking place and provide appropriate treatment for your shrubs. Call for a free analysis!

 

Lawn Pests
Aphids
Aphids or “plant lice” may infest almost any plant. They are more commonly found on camellia, crape-myrtle, gardenia, hibiscus, ixora, oleander, palm, rose, as well as nearly all annual plants. Aphids have piercing-sucking mouthparts and cause damage by sucking the plant juices. However, their ability to transmit plant viruses may be more harmful than any direct feeding damage. Aphids ( Figure 1 ) are soft bodied pear-shaped insects generally less than 1/8 inch long and usually green in color but many are black, brown, pink, yellow, blue,
or white.
Aphids
Azalea caterpillar
This caterpillar defoliates azaleas. Young larvae skeletonize the leaves, and the larger ones eat the entire leaf. The 2″-long mature larva can be recognized by the red head, the red last segment, and the broken yellow (occasionally white) lengthwise stripes. When it is disturbed, the caterpillar raises its front and rear ends into the air.
azalea
Bagworms
These are general feeders that spin sacks or bags of small pieces of twigs and leaf material (usually cedar). These sacks are 1/4″ to 1-1/2″ in length and usually are found on foliage. The bag is carried by the insect wherever it goes. The larva protrudes the front end of its body from the bag when feeding or moving.
bagworm
Chinchbugs
The southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber, is an insect pest of St. Augustinegrass, Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze, a turf and pasture grass grown throughout the southern United States. This tiny pest, rarely measuring over 6 mm in length, causes millions of dollars in damage per year, as homeowners seek to control chinch bug outbreaks by applying insecticides and replacing damaged grass. For this reason, much research has focused on the development of a more economic and effective mode of control, although pesticide application remains the most popular method today. An adult female B. insularis deposits over 250 eggs on average in her lifetime (Kerr 1966). She may lay as little as four eggs a day, but she will oviposit for many continuous weeks (Kerr 1966, Wilson 1929). The female chinch bug deposits her eggs on St. Augustinegrass close to where the plant contacts the soil (Wilson 1929). During the summer months, the eggs hatch between six to 13 days, with an average period of 11 days. This process can last a month or more during the winter months. The eggs are small and oval shaped, with a blunt end from which four small projections extend. The eggs begin as a pale white color and turn amber and eventually red before they hatch. The newly emerged nymphs resemble a smaller, wingless adult form. The first nymphal instar displays a yellow body color. The color will change to red with a pale white band across the abdomen and finally to black with a similar white band as the insect progresses through its five typical nymphal instars.
Chinchbugs
Mealybugs
Mealybugs are soft-bodied insects that are often covered with cottony white filaments. They are about 1/8 inch long, with pinkish or yellowish bodies. These insects can move throughout their lives. They infest all plant parts: feeder roots, root crowns, stems, twigs, leaves, flowers, and fruits. Injured plants have discolored, wilted, and deformed leaves. Soft scales and mealybugs excrete large amounts of honeydew which provides an excellent medium for the growth of a black fungus called sooty mold. Besides being unattractive, sooty mold interferes with photosynthesis and somewhat slows plant growth. Sooty mold usually weathers away following control of the insect infestation. Ants feed on the honeydew and when ants are observed, plants should be examined closely for these sucking pests.
mealy
Mole Crickets
The southern and tawny mole cricket are quite similar in appearance and biology. The shortwinged mole cricket differs in appearance because of the short wings, but also in behavior because it has no calling song and the short wings render it incapable of flight. Typically, the eggs of these three species are deposited in April-May, and nymphs predominate through August. In southern Florida, however, the shortwinged mole cricket can produce eggs throughout the year. Beginning in August or September some adults are found, but overwintering occurs in both the nymphal and adult stages. Maturity is attained by the overwintering nymphs in April, and eggs are produced at about this time. A single generation per year is normal, though in southern Florida there are two generations in southern mole crickets and an extra peak of adult flight in the summer, resulting in spring, summer, and autumn flights from the two generations (Walker et al. 1983). In both southern and tawny mole crickets, adult emergence occurs earlier in southern Florida than in northern Florida.

Mole Crickets
Southern

Tawny
Tawny

Shortwinged
Shortwinged

Oleander Caterpillars
It feeds only on oleander, a plant poisonous to most animals. At maturity, the orange-red caterpillar with black tufts of hair is 2″ long. There are three generations a year. Overlapping generations may occur when the larvae and the adult moths, which are purplish-black with white dots on the wings, can be observed together.
Oleander_Caterpillars
Scale Insects
Scale insects commonly occur on woody ornamentals where they infest twigs, branches, leaves, fruits, and damage them by feeding on the phloem with their piercing/sucking mouthparts. Damage symptoms include chlorosis or yellowing, premature leaf drop, restricted growth, branch dieback, and even plant death. When scale insects excrete honey-dew, the foliage gets covered with sooty mold
Scale_Insects
Sod Webworm
Tropical sod webworm is most active from April through November in north Florida, but may occur year-round in south Florida. Three to four generations occur in Florida each year. Tropical sod webworm larvae feed on St. Augustinegrass, bermudagrass and zoysiagrass. Fall armyworm occurs year-round in south Florida and migrates northward each spring. This means that populations can be damaging in the spring in south Florida, but don’t build up until fall in north Florida. Fall armyworm will feed on all turfgrasses, but prefers bermudagrass. Striped grass looper also occurs year-round in south Florida, and isn’t a problem until fall in north Florida. Striped grass looper is primarily a pest on bahiagrass in pastures, but will readily infest other turfgrasses. Larvae of these species are active at night and will hide in a curled position near the soil surface during the day. Fall armyworm larvae may also feed during the early and later parts of the day. Green or brown pellets of frass may be visible on the soil surface, indicating that larger larvae are present. One generation of tropical sod webworm is about 6 weeks; fall armyworm and striped grass looper can develop in about 4 weeks under warm weather conditions.
Sod_Webworm
Spider Mites
Spider mites are among the most common pests which attack ornamental plants in Florida. They are not insects, but more closely related to spiders and ticks. Adult mites, spiders and ticks have eight legs. Mature mites are usually less than 1/50 inch in length and generally found on the undersides of the leaves. Mite infestations are often not detected until the plants are severely damaged.
Spider_Mite

 

Command Weeds
Dollarweed
Dollarweed is the most serious weed of
St. Augustine grass lawns in Florida.
DollarWeed
Hawksbeard
resembling the dandelion but having a branched stem with several flowers.
Hawksbeard
Florida Pusley                                                    Florida Pusley
Green Kyllinga (Sedge)
Kyllinga sedges are troublesome weeds in
turf, lawns, flowerbeds, seasonally wet
right-of-ways, vegetable crops, nursery plantings, and container plants.
Green Kyllinga (Sedge)
Alexander Grass
Alexander Grass
Oxalis
Oxalis